Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission (BAEC) is also an autonomus body administered by Ministry of Science and Information & Communication Technology. The focal activities of BAEC is development of nuclear technology and human resources development in medicine, food, agriculture, industry, electricity and energy, geology, nuclear materials, etc. features in the BAEC programmes on peaceful application of atomic energy in the country. BAEC activities are conducted under four broad disciplines namely (1) Bio-sciences, (2) Physical Science sector (3) Engineering and (4) Nuclear power and energy.
Some of the important Research activities conducted by BAEC having practical impact on socio-economic development of the country are mentioned below:
1. Minutes Chemical Analysis;
2. Reactor Operation and Radioisotope Production;
3. Computer Science and development of IT;
5. Non Destructive Testing (NDT);
6. Nuclear Safety and Radiation Control;
7. Health Physics and Radiation Monitoring;
8. Radioactivity Testing and Monitoring;
9. Nuclear and Radiation Chemistry;
10. Medical Services and Research;
11. Food Preservation, Sterilization of Medical Products and Tissue Banking;
12. Agrochemical and Environmental Research.
As a premier research organization of the country, Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission (BAEC) has engaged in research and development activities for peaceful uses of atomic energy in the various fields of science & technology. The significant achievements in these programmes of BAEC are described briefly:
i. Medical Services and Research
BAEC has fourteen Nuclear Medicine Institutes/centres located in Dhaka, Chittagong, Rajshahi, Sylhet, Barisal, Rangpur, Mymensingh, Faridpur, Comilla, Bogra, Sir Salimullah Medical College, Mitford, Dhaka and at the Sadar Hospital premises of Khulna and Dinajpur. In these NMC establishments investigations are conducted for the disorders in organs like thyroid, brain, liver, kidney, bone, spleen, etc. Malnutrition, anemia, functions of kidney and heart are also investigated and treatment services offered. During the last year diagnostic and therapeutic services were rendered to 1,12,618 patients by these centres.
ii. Food Preservation and Sterilization of Medical Products
BAEC has been carrying out research activities using a 50000 Curie gamma radiation source facility at the Institute of Food and radiation Biology (IFRB) at Savar on food preservation and sterilization of medical products. This source has rendered services to more than 20 organisations including Jayson Pharmaceuticals Ltd, Acme Pharmaceutical Ltd, Padma Cans and Closures Ltd, Gaco Pharmaceuticals, Renata Ltd, City Hospitals, etc during the period under review.
Research activities are being carried out at the IFRB on tissue culture of economic plants for in vitro plantlet regeneration, micro-propagation and dissemination. During the reporting time, protocols for propagation of five medicinal plants by tissue culture techniques were developed.
iv. Tissue Banking
More than 500 amnion membranes were collected, sterilized and supplied to the doctors for treatment of different diseases. Besides, 100 bones have been collected, sterilized and supplied for treatment of 100 orthopedic patients. In addition to this, bone grafts were also supplied for orodentary surgery.
v. Beach Sand Minerals
Minerals of economic interest such as zircon, rutile, ilmenite, garnet etc. are separated from the beach sand, which have a good commercial value. Minerals produced in Pilot plant have various uses in industry. About 200 tons Ilmenite and Magnetite produced in the pilot plant at Cox’s Bazar were supplied for construction of shielding for Central Radioactive Waste Processing and Storage Facilities at AERE, Savar.
vi. Isotope Production
Production of radioisotope like Technicium-99 with related diagnostic purposes are going on. During the reporting time Technicium 70 generators were produced in 20 batches and supplied to Nuclear Medicine Centres as substitute for import.